Henry Ford

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Henry Ford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchThis article is about the American industrialist. For other people with the same name, see Henry Ford (disambiguation).

Henry Ford
Ford, c. 1919
BornJuly 30, 1863
Greenfield TownshipMichigan, U.S.
DiedApril 7, 1947 (aged 83)
Fair LaneDearborn, Michigan, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
OccupationEngineerindustrialistphilanthropist
Years active1891–1945
Known forFounding and leading the Ford Motor CompanyPioneering a system that launched the mass production and sale of affordable automotives to the public
TitlePresident of Ford Motor Company
1906–1919 and 1943–1945
Political partyRepublican (before 1918)Democratic (after 1918)
Spouse(s)Clara Jane Bryant (m. 1888)
ChildrenEdsel Ford
Parent(s)William FordMary Ford
Signature

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist and business magnate, founder of the Ford Motor Company and chief developer of the assembly line technique of mass production. By creating the first automobile that middle-class Americans could afford, he converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into an accessible conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the 20th century.

His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As the owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with “Fordism“: mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently.

Ford was also widely known for his pacifism during the first years of World War I, and for promoting antisemitic content, including The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, through his newspaper The Dearborn Independent and the book The International Jew, having an alleged influence on the development of Nazism.

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