How China’s State Serves the Party
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Despite the vast and ongoing challenges through 2020 because of Covid-19, the Chinese Communist Party has never looked more dominant.
By Kerry Brown
Xi Jinping is a Party man. His first words in November 2012 after being made General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party were about closing the gap between the Party and the people. Ever since then, making sure that the Party can indeed create a sustainable governance model — and not be washed away by the forces of history as the Soviet Union was — has been his core task. Despite the vast and ongoing challenges through 2020 because of Covid-19, the Party has never looked more dominant.
That includes over the state. In China, the state exists in many shapes. While those formally designated as ‘civil servants’ (gongwuyuan) at the national and provincial levels amount to around 8 million, there are almost 60 million working for state enterprises. According to the World Bank, total Chinese public sector employment, including those involved in education, healthcare and other administrative areas, together come to about 46 million.
From an overall employment figure of 770 million, 13% are public sector or state enterprise workers, with the number of state employees more than the membership of the Party, which totaled 90 million in 2019. Despite the view from outside that China is a state-controlled behemoth, the irony is that state employment has a lower share than in the United States, at 16%, or a staggering 26% in France.https://01f6226fcf58a3d30abd799706d41851.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
The state and public sector still has a com