Theodore Roosevelt From Wikipedia,

Theodore Roosevelt From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Teddy roosevelt)

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Theodore Roosevelt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  (Redirected from Teddy roosevelt)For other people named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation).

Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States
In office
September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909
Vice PresidentNone (1901–1905)
Charles W. Fairbanks
(1905–1909)
Preceded byWilliam McKinley
Succeeded byWilliam Howard Taft
25th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1901 – September 14, 1901
PresidentWilliam McKinley
Preceded byGarret Hobart
Succeeded byCharles W. Fairbanks
33rd Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1899 – December 31, 1900
LieutenantTimothy L. Woodruff
Preceded byFrank S. Black
Succeeded byBenjamin Barker Odell Jr.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
In office
April 19, 1897 – May 10, 1898
PresidentWilliam McKinley
Preceded byWilliam McAdoo
Succeeded byCharles Herbert Allen
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the Manhattan 21st district
In office
January 1, 1882 – December 31, 1884
Preceded byWilliam J. Trimble
Succeeded byHenry A. Barnum
Personal details
BornTheodore Roosevelt
October 27, 1858
New York City
DiedJanuary 6, 1919 (aged 60)
Oyster Bay, New York, US
Resting placeYoungs Memorial Cemetery
Oyster Bay, New York, US
Political partyRepublican (1880–1909)
Progressive “Bull Moose”(1912)
Spouse(s)Alice Lee
(m. 1880; her death 1884)Edith Carow
(m. 1886; his death 1919)
RelationsSee Roosevelt family
ChildrenAlice LeeTheodore III,KermitEthel Carow,Archibald Bulloch (“Archie”), and Quentin
ParentsTheodore Roosevelt Sr.
Martha Bulloch Roosevelt
Alma materHarvard University (A.B.)
Columbia Law School (J.D.)
ProfessionProfessions [show]
ReligionDutch Reformed Church
Awards Nobel Peace Prize (1906)
 Medal of Honor
(Posthumously; 2001)
Signature
Military service
Service/branchNew York National Guard
United States Army
Years of service1882–1886, 1898
Rank Colonel
Commands1st United States Volunteer Cavalry
Battles/warsSpanish–American War
• Battle of Las Guasimas
• Battle of San Juan Hill
This article is part of a series about
Theodore Roosevelt
Early LifeFamilyThe Naval War of 1812Rough RidersBattle of San Juan HillGovernor of New YorkGovernorship“The Strenuous Life”Electoral HistoryVice President of the United StatesMcKinley-Roosevelt Campaign (1900)“Speak softly and carry a big stick”President of the United StatesFirst TermMcKinley Assassination1st InaugurationPresidencySquare DealWest WingCoal StrikeBooker T. Washington DinnerVenezuela CrisisRoosevelt CorollarySecond TermElection of 19042nd InaugurationConservationAntiquities ActForest ServicePure Food and Drug ActFDASwift & Co. v. United StatesMeat InspectionTreaty of PortsmouthNobel PrizeFBIPanama CanalGreat White Fleet1912 ElectionRepublican ConventionProgressive PartyConventionNew NationalismAssassination attemptPost PresidencyAfrican ExpeditionRiver of Doubt Expedition“Citizenship in a Republic”WWI VolunteersLegacyPolitical positionsMemorialsvte

Theodore Roosevelt (/ˈroʊzəvɛlt/ roh-zə-velt;[a] October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy orTR, was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States, from 1901 to 1909. A leader of the Republican Party, he was a leading force of the Progressive Era. Born a sickly child with debilitating asthma, Roosevelt embraced a strenuous lifestyle and successfully regained his health. He integrated his exuberant personality, vast range of interests, and world-famous achievements into a “cowboy” persona defined by robust masculinity. Home-schooled, he became a lifelong naturalist before attendingHarvard College. His first of many books, The Naval War of 1812 (1882), established his reputation as both a learned historian and a popular writer. He entered politics, becoming the leader of the reform faction of Republicans in New York’s state legislature. Following the deaths of his wife and mother, he escaped to the wilderness and operated a cattle ranch in the Dakotas. He returned to run unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1886. He served asAssistant Secretary of the Navy under William McKinley, resigning after one year to serve with the Rough Riders, gaining national fame for courage during the War in Cuba. Returning a war hero, he was elected governor of New York in 1898. A frustrated party establishment made him McKinley’s running mate in the election of 1900. He campaigned vigorously across the country, helping McKinley win reelection by a landslide on a platform of peace, prosperity, and conservatism.

The assassination of President McKinley in September 1901 meant that at age 42, Roosevelt had become President of the United States, the youngest in history. Leading his party and country into the Progressive Era, he championed his “Square Deal” domestic policies, promising the average citizen fairness, breaking of trusts, regulation of railroads, and pure food and drugs. Making conservation a top priority, he established myriad new national parks, forests, and monuments in order to preserve the nation’s natural resources. In foreign policy, he concentrated on Central America, where he began construction of the Panama Canal. He also greatly expanded the United States Navy and sent theGreat White Fleet on a world tour to project the United States’ naval power. His successful efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War won him the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize.

Elected in 1904 to a full term, he continued pursuit of progressive policies, eventually culminating in blockage of his legislative agenda in Congress. Roosevelt successfully groomed his close friend, William Howard Taft, for the presidency. After leaving office, he went on safari in Africa and toured Europe. Returning to the USA, he became frustrated with Taft’s approach as his successor, trying, but failing to win the nomination in 1912. He founded his own party, the Progressive “Bull Moose” Party, and called for wide-ranging progressive reforms. The split allowed the Democrats to win the White House and Congress in 1912; those Republicans aligned with Taft would control the Republican Party for decades.

Frustrated at home, Roosevelt led a two-year expedition in the Amazon, nearly dying of tropical disease. During World War I, he opposed President Wilson for keeping the U.S. out of the war against Germany, and offered his military services, which were never summoned. Although he planned to run again for president in 1920, his health quickly deteriorated, and he died in early 1919. Roosevelt has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.[2] His face adorns Mount Rushmore alongside those of Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln.

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