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Thomas Edison From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Edison From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

November 16, 2016 cowboyrons@gmail.com MY FAVORITE HERO 0by 

Thomas Edison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Edison
Photograph of Edison (c. 1922)
BornThomas Alva Edison
February 11, 1847
Milan, Ohio, U.S.
DiedOctober 18, 1931 (aged 84)
West Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
EducationSelf-educated
OccupationInventor, businessman
Spouse(s)Mary Stilwell (m. 1871–84)Mina Miller (m. 1886–1931)
ChildrenMarion Estelle Edison (1873–1965)Thomas Alva Edison Jr. (1876–1935)William Leslie Edison (1878–1937)Madeleine Edison (1888–1979)Charles Edison (1890–1969)Theodore Miller Edison (1898–1992)
Parent(s)Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr. (1804–1896)Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810–1871)
RelativesLewis Miller (father-in-law)
Signature

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed “The Wizard of Menlo Park”,[1] he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and because of that, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.[2]

Edison was a prolific inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. More significant than the number of Edison’s patents was the widespread impact of his inventions: electric light and power utilitiessound recording, and motion pictures all established major new industries worldwide. Edison’s inventions contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications. These included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote recorder, a battery for an electric car, electrical power, recorded music and motion pictures.

His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph operator. Edison developed a system of electric-power generation and distribution[3] to homes, businesses, and factories – a crucial development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was on Pearl Street in Manhattan, New York.[3] He has been described as America’s greatest inventor.[4]

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