Thomas Edison From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Photograph of Edison (c. 1922)|
|Born||Thomas Alva Edison|
February 11, 1847
Milan, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||October 18, 1931 (aged 84)|
West Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Mary Stilwell (m. 1871–84)Mina Miller (m. 1886–1931)|
|Children||Marion Estelle Edison (1873–1965)Thomas Alva Edison Jr. (1876–1935)William Leslie Edison (1878–1937)Madeleine Edison (1888–1979)Charles Edison (1890–1969)Theodore Miller Edison (1898–1992)|
|Parent(s)||Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr. (1804–1896)Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810–1871)|
|Relatives||Lewis Miller (father-in-law)|
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed “The Wizard of Menlo Park”, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and because of that, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
Edison was a prolific inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. More significant than the number of Edison’s patents was the widespread impact of his inventions: electric light and power utilities, sound recording, and motion pictures all established major new industries worldwide. Edison’s inventions contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications. These included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote recorder, a battery for an electric car, electrical power, recorded music and motion pictures.
His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph operator. Edison developed a system of electric-power generation and distribution to homes, businesses, and factories – a crucial development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was on Pearl Street in Manhattan, New York. He has been described as America’s greatest inventor.
- 1Early life
- 3Marriages and children
- 4Beginning his career
- 5Menlo Park
- 6Electric power distribution
- 7Other inventions and projects
- 8West Orange and Fort Myers (1886–1931)
- 9Final years
- 11Views on politics, religion and metaphysics
- 12Views on money
- 15List of people who worked for Edison
- 16See also
- 19External links