William J. Flake
|William J. Flake|
|Born||William Jordan Flake|
July 3, 1839
Anson County, North Carolina
|Died||August 10, 1932 (aged 93)|
William Jordan Flake (July 3, 1839 – August 10, 1932) was a prominent member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, who helped settle parts of Arizona, and was imprisoned at the Yuma Territorial Prison for polygamy.
Life and career
Flake was born in Anson County, North Carolina, the fourth son of Agnes Love and James Madison Flake. When he was three, his family moved to Kemper County, Mississippi. In 1844, they became members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois. Flake and his family moved to the Salt Lake Valley in 1846 by wagon train with the Mormon pioneers, arriving in 1848. In 1849, his father was killed on the American River while examining a gold mining site for the church in California. His widowed mother took her three children to San Bernardino; she died in 1856. Flake and his siblings returned to Utah to live with Amasa Lyman and his family.
On December 30, 1858, William Flake married Lucy Hannah White; they were nineteen and sixteen years old respectively. A year later, they started a cattle ranch in Beaver County, Utah.:30 Flake was called by church leaders to enter into a plural marriage in 1868. Lucy agreed to the marriage, because of her belief in the LDS Church; she even helped choose his second wife.:57 William Flake and Prudence Kartchner were married in October 1868. Flake and Kartchner would have seven children.
In 1877, he was called by LDS Church President Brigham Young to start a settlement in the northern area of what was then the Arizona Territory. William left with a wagon train and herds of cattle for the Little Colorado River region of Arizona and arrived in January 1878. Despite much hardship after spending 13 months on the trail and a winter living in stables and wagons, the settlement survived. In the fall of 1878, Erastus Snow, an LDS Apostle, visited and joined with Flake naming the town Snowflake: “Snow for me and Flake for you.”
On December 5, 1884, Flake was tried in Prescott, Arizona in the District Court and found guilty for practice of polygamy and unlawful cohabitation, a common charge used to prosecute LDS men under the Edmunds Act. Flake received a $500 fine and was imprisoned in the Yuma Territorial Prison for six months. While in prison, Flake still served as one of the counselors to the bishop of the Snowflake ward. Flake was treated humanely in prison, reportedly allowed to work how he pleased, read as much as he pleased, and eat “excellent food”. He was released from prison on June 11, 1885.:75 After he returned from prison, Prudence and Lucy became pregnant. Prudence gave birth to twins on June 7, 1886. They died at birth. Lucy gave birth on July 28, 1886; her child died a few months later from pneumonia.:75–76
Flake’s plural wife Prudence died on February 8, 1896.:76 During his marriage, Flake was often away from home, on the ranch and tending to livestock.:83 His wife Lucy Flake died on January 27, 1900 at age fifty-seven. William Flake would never remarry.:86–87 In 1901, Flake served in the Southern States mission. He also sponsored genealogical research and continued ranching.:87
In 1959, Flake was posthumously nominated and then inducted into the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in the Hall of Great Westerners for his contributions as a colonizer and cattleman as Arizona’s fourth entry.:87
William Jordan Flake was the father of 11 sons and nine daughters and lived to the age of 93, passing away on August 10, 1932 in Snowflake.:87
Former United States Senator Jeff Flake (R-AZ) is his great-great-grandson. Former Speaker of the Arizona House and later State Senator Jake Flake, was his great-grandson and Jeff Flake’s uncle. In 1959, he was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum.
- Perry Owens
- Miles Park Romney
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Arizona
- David King Udall
- ^ Jump up to:a b Crawford Genealogy … Press of the J. W. Burke Company. 1936. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- ^ Arizona Cattlelog. Arizona Cattle Growers’ Association. 1949. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- ^ Catherine H. Ellis (2008). Snowflake. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 107–. ISBN 978-0-7385-4838-8. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- ^ Jane Eppinga (November–December 1997). “Hellhole on the Colorado”. American Cowboy. Active Interest Media, Inc.: 88–89. ISSN 1079-3690. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d Boone, David; Flake, Chad J. (Summer 1983). “The Prison Diary of William Jordan Flake”. The Journal of Arizona History. 24 (2): 145–170. JSTOR 41859506.
- ^ Flake, Oz (1948). William J. Flake, pioneer-colonizer.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i Boone, David F. (Fall 2012). “”As Bad as I Hated to Come”: Lucy Hannah White Flake in Arizona”. Journal of Mormon History. 38 (4): 55–87. JSTOR 23292632.
- ^ Mary Jo Churchwell (1 January 2007). Arizona: No Ordinary Journey. Ironwood Editions. pp. 166–. ISBN 978-0-9713016-1-0. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- ^ Adair, Jill B. (March 9, 2002). “Temple fulfills old prophecies”. Deseret News. Deseret News Publishing Company. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c Bair, JoAnn W.; Jensen, Richard L. (Spring 1977). “Prosecution of the Mormons in Arizona Territory in the 1880s”. Arizona and the West. 19 (1): 25–46. JSTOR 40168577.
- ^ Campbell, Mary K. (2001). “Mr. Peay’s Horses: The Federal Response to Mormon Polygamy, 1854-1887”. Yale Journal of Law & Feminism. 13: 29–70. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
- ^ “Awards & Halls of Fame”.
- ^ Barabak, Mark Z. (July 17, 2017). “Jeff Flake, up for reelection in 2018, will upset Arizona voters no matter how he votes on healthcare”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
- ^ Altchek, Ana (November 1, 2017). “Rejecting his legacy, Flake boldly speaks out”. The Pitt News. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
- ^ “Arizona Sen. Jake Flake dies after fall, son says”. Tucson Citizen. June 8, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
- ^ “Hall of Great Westerners”. National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
- Herman, Daniel J. (April 2012), “Arizona’s Secret History: When Powerful Mormons Went Separate Ways”, Common-place, American Antiquarian Society, 12 (3)
- Flake, William. William Jordan Flake diary, ID: MSS SC 1453. Provo, UT: L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library.
- Flake, Lucy H. Lucy H. Flake journals, ID: MSS SC 13. Provo, UT: L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library.
|Authority control||ISNI: 0000 0000 5232 0509LCCN: nr2002015850SNAC: w6hd8b17VIAF: 9780227WorldCat Identities: lccn-nr2002015850|
- 1839 births
- 1932 deaths
- American cattlemen
- American city founders
- American people convicted of bigamy
- American prisoners and detainees
- Mormon pioneers
- Arizona pioneers
- Prisoners and detainees of the United States federal government
- People from Snowflake, Arizona
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